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CBSE Class 5 Grammar Worksheets
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The adjective old for which the regular older and oldest are usual also has the irregular forms elder and eldest, these generally being restricted to use in comparing siblings and in certain independent uses.
For the comparison of adverbs, see Adverbs below. Many adjectives, however, particularly those that are longer and less common, do not have inflected comparative and superlative forms.
Instead, they can be qualified with more and most, as in beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful this construction is also sometimes used even for adjectives for which inflected forms do exist. Certain adjectives are classed as ungradable.
Consequently, comparative and superlative forms of such adjectives are not normally used, except in a figurative, humorous or imprecise context.
Similarly, such adjectives are not normally qualified with modifiers of degree such as very and fairly, although with some of them it is idiomatic to use adverbs such as completely. Another type of adjectives sometimes considered ungradable is those that represent an extreme degree of some property, such as delicious and terrified. Phrases[ edit ] An adjective phrase is a group of words that plays the role of an adjective in a sentence.
It usually has a single adjective as its head , to which modifiers and complements may be added. Some can also be preceded by a noun or quantitative phrase, as in fat-free, two-metre-long. Complements following the adjective may include: prepositional phrases : proud of him, angry at the screen, keen on breeding toads; infinitive phrases: anxious to solve the problem, easy to pick up; content clauses , i.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English
An adjective phrase may include both modifiers before the adjective and a complement after it, as in very difficult to put away. Adjective phrases containing complements after the adjective cannot normally be used as attributive adjectives before a noun.
Exceptions include very brief and often established phrases such as easy-to-use. Certain complements can be moved to after the noun, leaving the adjective before the noun, as in a better man than you, a hard nut to crack. Certain attributive adjective phrases are formed from other parts of speech, without any adjective as their head, as in a two-bedroom house, a no-jeans policy.
Adverbs[ edit ] Adverbs perform a wide range of functions. They typically modify verbs or verb phrases , adjectives or adjectival phrases , or other adverbs or adverbial phrases. Certain words can be used as both adjectives and adverbs, such as fast, straight, and hard; these are flat adverbs.
In earlier usage more flat adverbs were accepted in formal usage; many of these survive in idioms and colloquially. That's just plain ugly. Some adjectives can also be used as flat adverbs when they actually describe the subject. The adverb corresponding to the adjective good is well note that bad forms the regular badly, although ill is occasionally used in some phrases.
There are also many adverbs that are not derived from adjectives,  including adverbs of time, of frequency, of place, of degree and with other meanings. Some suffixes that are commonly used to form adverbs from nouns are -ward[s] as in homeward[s] and -wise as in lengthwise. Most adverbs form comparatives and superlatives by modification with more and most: often, more often, most often; smoothly, more smoothly, most smoothly see also comparison of adjectives , above.
However, a few adverbs retain irregular inflection for comparative and superlative forms:  much, more, most; a little, less, least; well, better, best; badly, worse, worst; far, further farther , furthest farthest ; or follow the regular adjectival inflection: fast, faster, fastest; soon, sooner, soonest; etc. Adverbs indicating the manner of an action are generally placed after the verb and its objects We considered the proposal carefully , although other positions are often possible We carefully considered the proposal.
Many adverbs of frequency, degree, certainty, etc.
Adverbs that provide a connection with previous information such as next, then, however , and those that provide the context such as time or place for a sentence, are typically placed at the start of the sentence: Yesterday we went on a shopping expedition.
If such a verb also has an object, then the particle may precede or follow the object, although it will normally follow the object if the object is a pronoun pick the pen up or pick up the pen, but pick it up. Phrases[ edit ] An adverb phrase is a phrase that acts as an adverb within a sentence. For example: very sleepily; all too suddenly; oddly enough; perhaps shockingly for us.
Another very common type of adverb phrase is the prepositional phrase , which consists of a preposition and its object: in the pool; after two years; for the sake of harmony. Prepositions[ edit ] Prepositions form a closed word class,  although there are also certain phrases that serve as prepositions, such as in front of.
A single preposition may have a variety of meanings, often including temporal, spatial and abstract. Many words that are prepositions can also serve as adverbs.
Examples of common English prepositions including phrasal instances are of, in, on, over, under, to, from, with, in front of, behind, opposite, by, before, after, during, through, in spite of or despite, between, among, etc.
A preposition is usually used with a noun phrase as its complement. A preposition together with its complement is called a prepositional phrase.
A prepositional phrase can be used as a complement or post-modifier of a noun in a noun phrase, as in the man in the car, the start of the fight; as a complement of a verb or adjective, as in deal with the problem, proud of oneself; or generally as an adverb phrase see above.
English allows the use of "stranded" prepositions. This can occur in interrogative and relative clauses , where the interrogative or relative pronoun that is the preposition's complement is moved to the start fronted , leaving the preposition in place.
This kind of structure is avoided in some kinds of formal English.
For example: What are you talking about? Possible alternative version: About what are you talking? The song that you were listening to Notice that in the second example the relative pronoun that could be omitted. Stranded prepositions can also arise in passive voice constructions and other uses of passive past participial phrases , where the complement in a prepositional phrase can become zero in the same way that a verb's direct object would: it was looked at; I will be operated on; get your teeth seen to.
The same can happen in certain uses of infinitive phrases: he is nice to talk to; this is the page to make copies of. Conjunctions[ edit ] Conjunctions express a variety of logical relations between items, phrases, clauses and sentences. These can be used in many grammatical contexts to link two or more items of equal grammatical status,  for example: Noun phrases combined into a longer noun phrase, such as John, Eric, and Jill, the red coat or the blue one.
When and is used, the resulting noun phrase is plural. A determiner does not need to be repeated with the individual elements: the cat, the dog, and the mouse and the cat, dog, and mouse are both correct.
The same applies to other modifiers. The word but can be used here in the sense of "except": nobody but you. Adjective or adverb phrases combined into a longer adjective or adverb phrase: tired but happy, over the fields and far away.What is included in the app? Example: — Which umbrella is yours? Print free third grade worksheets to help your child or students with reading language arts social studies science and mythology.
Other[ edit ] Other pronouns in English are often identical in form to determiners especially quantifiers , such as many, a little, etc. Understanding the basics of English, grammar and use of correct sentence are the major area of concern for class 4 English subject. Some of the worksheets for this concept are English activity book class 3 4, Lttc grade 4 new, Ab4 gp pe tpcpy , With grammar, Grammar practice workbook, Cbse 10 english grammar term i and ii, Vocabulary builder grade 4, Articles exercises insert a or an indefinite article.
The word what can be used to form a free relative clause — one that has no antecedent and that serves as a complete noun phrase in itself, as in I like what he likes.